Breach of Contract in Thailand

Thailand’s thriving economy relies heavily on contracts. Whether you’re a business owner, expat, or resident, understanding breach of contract becomes crucial when agreements are broken. This comprehensive guide will equip you with the knowledge to navigate such situations in Thailand.

The Foundations of Contract Law:

Breach of contract in Thailand is governed by the Thai Civil and Commercial Code (CCC). The CCC outlines the essential elements of a valid contract:

  • Offer and Acceptance: A clear offer made by one party and a corresponding acceptance by the other.
  • Mutual Agreement: Both parties must agree to the terms and conditions of the contract.
  • Consideration: There must be an exchange of something of value between the parties. This could be money, goods, services, or a promise to do something.
  • Capacity to Contract: Both parties must be legally capable of entering into a binding agreement.
  • Lawful Purpose: The contract’s purpose cannot violate Thai law or public policy.

What Constitutes a Breach?

A breach of contract occurs when one party fails to fulfill their obligations as outlined in the agreement. This can take various forms:

  • Non-performance: Failing to complete the agreed-upon task or deliver promised goods or services.
  • Late performance: Performing the obligations outlined in the contract but exceeding the agreed-upon timeframe.
  • Improper performance: Delivering goods or services that do not meet the specified standards or quality.
  • Repudiation: One party clearly communicates their intention not to fulfill their contractual obligations.

Remedies for Breach of Contract:

If you believe the other party has breached the contract, Thai law provides several remedies:

  • Damages: This is the most common remedy, aiming to compensate the injured party for the financial losses suffered due to the breach.
  • Specific Performance: A court order compelling the breaching party to fulfill their contractual obligations.
  • Rescission: Cancellation of the contract and potential return of any exchanged goods or money.

The Legal Process:

The process for breach of contract claims in Thailand typically involves:

  • Demand Letter: A formal letter from your lawyer outlining the breach and demanding the other party remedy the situation.
  • Negotiation: Attempting to reach an out-of-court settlement with the breaching party.
  • Litigation: If negotiations fail, filing a lawsuit with the relevant court.
  • Trial: If a settlement isn’t reached, the case goes to trial where the judge determines if a breach occurred and awards appropriate remedies.

Factors to Consider:

Several factors can influence the outcome of a breach of contract case in Thailand:

  • Strength of the Contract: A well-drafted, clear, and unambiguous contract strengthens your claim.
  • Evidence of Breach: Solid evidence proving the other party’s failure to fulfill their obligations is crucial.
  • Value of Damages: The amount of compensation you can claim depends on the demonstrable losses incurred due to the breach.


Here’s how to protect yourself from breach of contract and increase your chances of a successful outcome:

  • Formalize Agreements: Always have a written contract outlining the terms and conditions, signed by all parties involved.
  • Seek Legal Advice: Consult a lawyer specializing in contract law when drafting or reviewing agreements.
  • Gather Evidence: Maintain copies of the contract, communication records, and any relevant documentation.
  • Act Promptly: Address any potential breaches swiftly and take necessary legal action within the statute of limitations.


Understanding breach of contract in Thailand empowers you to protect your interests and seek remedies when agreements are broken. By prioritizing clear contracts, gathering evidence, and seeking legal guidance, you can navigate these situations effectively and ensure fair outcomes.

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